Exodus 34 : Moses goes up the mountain again

March 3, 2024 ·

Summary:
God summons Moses to ascend the mountain again and instructs him to bring new tablets so that God can inscribe them. During Moses’ time on the mountain, God proclaims His graciousness.

God pledges to expel the nations of Canaan ahead of the Israelites and cautions them against forming treaties with these nations, warning that such agreements could lead to idol worship.

God mandates that Moses ensure the observance of annual feasts, the Sabbath, and the redemption of the firstborn. Offerings must not contain yeast.

God rewrites the commandments on the tablets. Moses spends forty days and nights on the mountain.

Upon descending, Moses’ face radiates light, necessitating him to wear a veil, which he removes only in the Lord’s presence.

Key verse:
7. keeping steadfast love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and the fourth generation.

My thoughts:
Today’s key verse encapsulates the dual aspects of God’s nature: His grace and His justice. God’s character remains consistent across both the Old and New Testaments, upholding His justice.

While the command for the Israelites to avoid making peace treaties with the Canaanite nations may seem severe, God’s rationale is sound. Peaceful treaties could lead to intermarrying and idolatry, jeopardizing the existence of the Jewish people. God recognized that maintaining the Israelites as a distinct and separate people was essential for their devotion to Him alone. Given the critical role of the Israelites in God’s plan to reconcile the world to Himself, His stringent measures to preserve their distinctiveness are understandable.

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