Moses delivers a heavy warning to Pharaoh: a devastating plague will claim the lives of every firstborn in Egypt, from the royal family to the slaves. This unprecedented and final divine judgment is foretold to be so severe and all-encompassing that it will shatter the Egyptians’ longstanding resistance. As a result, Egyptian officials themselves will be compelled to not just permit, but actively encourage the Hebrews to leave their land fast. In this critical moment, Moses, acting as God’s faithful messenger, conveys to the Hebrews a message of hope and divine protection. He reassures them that, by God’s intervention, they will be miraculously spared from this looming catastrophe. This prophecy highlights the stark contrast between the fates of the Egyptians and the Hebrews, underlining the power of faith and the fulfillment of divine promises in times of trial.
1. The LORD said to Moses, “Yet one plague more I will bring upon Pharaoh and upon Egypt. Afterward he will let you go from here. When he lets you go, he will drive you away completely.
A friend of mine was confused because just previously in chapter 10 Moses said he would not see Pharaoh again, and here he is in Pharaoh’s presence again. Reading through the narrative, I believe that this chapter is a direct continuation from the previous chapter. So it is more like Moses saying ‘Alright, I will not see you again, but first know that there will be one more plague etc.’. After this final statement before Pharaoh, Moses does not plan to see Pharaoh again.
The three chapters of plagues have ended, and we move into the Passover. There is one more plague, however it is not described in the same way as the others as it is much more significantly.