Genesis 14: Abram’s Rescue Mission

June 14, 2023 ·

Summary:
In a war between five kings, including Kedorlaomer, and four kings, including the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah, Kedorlaomer’s side emerges as the more powerful and defeats Sodom. As a result, the people of Sodom, including Lot, are taken captive. Upon learning of this, Abram and his men take action, engaging in a battle to rescue Lot. They successfully recover him. Following the victory, Melchizedek, the priest of God Most High, blesses Abram, and in response, Abram offers him a tenth of his possessions. 

The king of Sodom offers Abram riches as a token of gratitude for his actions, but Abram declines the offer. He does so to ensure that Sodom cannot boast in any way about Abram’s assistance.

Key Verse:
19. And he blessed him and said “Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth;

My thoughts:
Melchizedek is a fascinating biblical character, particularly because he is mentioned in comparison to Jesus in the book of Hebrews, chapter 7. Melchizedek serves as a priest, but unlike the priests from the line of Aaron or the Levites, who come later, he belongs to a different order of priesthood. Remarkably, Melchizedek is not even a Hebrew, yet Abram still acknowledges his greatness by giving him a tenth of his possessions. This act suggests that Melchizedek must have been truly remarkable. Similarly, Jesus represents a new order of priest distinct from those within the Levitical law.

While Melchizedek’s appearance in the Bible narrative is brief, consisting of only three verses, he holds significant importance throughout the rest of the Bible. Surprisingly, this non-Hebrew figure is highly revered. Some have suggested that Melchizedek could be a pre-incarnate appearance of Jesus, but this viewpoint lacks biblical support.

Abram’s offering to Melchizedek marks the first instance of a ‘tithe’ in the Bible.

Although issues regarding war in the Old Testament could be raised in this context, let’s leave those discussions for another day!

In category:Genesis
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