Genesis 10: Middle-Eastern Nations

June 10, 2023 ·

Genesis Ten:
Noah’s three sons are Shem, Ham, Japheth.
Japheth has Gomer and Javan and some others. Javan is the father of the maritime people. Ham has Cush and Canaan and some others. Canaan is the father of the nations of Canaan. Cush’s son Nimrod was a great warrior/hunter, and he built a big kingdom. Shem has Elam and Arphaxad and some others. Arphaxad had Shelah who had Eber who had Peleg (Peleg means division and the world was divided when he was around). Shem’s descendants lived in the eastern hill country.

Key verse:
32. These are the clans of the sons of Noah, according to their genealogies, in their nations, and from these the nations spread abroad on the earth after the flood.

My thoughts:
In this chapter there are many references to people having different languages, however in the next chapter we are told that the whole world had one language. This could be seen as a contradiction, however the mistake made there would be assuming that the Genesis author was writing strictly chronologically. He is not. Chapter 10 is a genealogy which stands aside from the chronology of the narrative. The references to one language are presented to have happened some time between the flood and Abram, but when exactly is not specified. Genesis generally reads chronologically, however not in this circumstance.

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