Month: February 2024

Exodus 31 : Craftsmen and Sabbaths

February 20, 2024 ·

Summary: Two craftsmen, Bezalel and Oholiab, are chosen by God to create all the items described in the previous chapters. God instructs Moses to remind his people to observe the Sabbath, emphasizing that God created the earth in six days and rested on the seventh. God provides Moses with two tablets inscribed with His commandments. Key verse: 3. and I have filled him with theSpirit of God, with ability and intelligence, with knowledge and all craftsmanship, My thoughts: Bezalel is… Read more.

Exodus 30 : Various other bits

February 19, 2024 ·

Summary: An altar made of acacia wood is to be constructed and placed in front of the curtain that shields the Ark of the Covenant. Aaron is tasked with burning incense on it each morning and at twilight. The altar is reserved exclusively for this purpose, aside from the annual atonement rites. During each census, every Israelite is required to contribute half a shekel as atonement for their life. A bronze basin is to be crafted for the priests to… Read more.

Exodus 29 : Consecrating the priests

February 18, 2024 ·

Summary: This is how the priests are to be consecrated: Aaron is to be dressed in the priestly garments, and his sons will wear tunics with headbands and sashes. A bull is to be sacrificed for sins, a ram for a burnt offering, and another ram for ordination. The blood from the ordination ram is to be applied to Aaron, his sons, and the altar. Aaron is then to wave the inner parts of the ram and some bread before… Read more.

Exodus 28 : Holy garments

February 17, 2024 ·

Summary: Aaron and his sons are designated as priests. Special garments to be crafted for Aaron include a breastplate, an ephod, a robe, a tunic, a turban, and a sash. The ephod is to be woven from blue, purple, scarlet, and gold threads, featuring two onyx stones set into it. Each stone will have the names of six sons of Israel engraved on it. Similarly, the breastplate is to be made of blue, purple, scarlet, and gold, with twelve precious… Read more.

Exodus 27 : The altar, courtyard, and oil

February 16, 2024 ·

Summary: An altar is to be constructed from acacia wood, with all utensils and additional items made of bronze. It is also designed to be transported on poles. A large courtyard is to surround the tabernacle, consisting of curtains and poles. Clear olive oil is to be used by Aaron and his sons to ensure the lamps inside the tent remain lit overnight. Key verse: 21. In the tent of meeting, outside the veil that is before the testimony, Aaron… Read more.

Exodus 26 : Tabernacle construction manual

February 15, 2024 ·

Summary: God commands the construction of the tabernacle using ten curtains of equal size, connected by loops and golden clasps, made from goat's hair. These curtains are to cover a frame made of acacia wood. The structure is to include twenty frames on both the south and north sides, each with forty silver bases, and six frames for the west end, plus two additional frames for the far end. Acacia wood crossbars are also required. An internal curtain is to… Read more.

Exodus 25 : God gives Moses building plans

February 14, 2024 ·

Summary: God instructs Moses to collect offerings from those who are willing to contribute. He then commands the construction of a sanctuary for Him. God details the sanctuary's construction, including an ark and a table made from acacia wood. The ark, a chest to be coated with gold, is designated to house the tablets inscribed by God and is to be carried on poles. It will also feature two golden cherubim (angels). The table, also covered in gold and transported… Read more.

Exodus 24 : Dinner with God

February 13, 2024 ·

Summary: God instructed Moses to ascend the mountain with Aaron, his two sons, and the seventy elders of Israel, with the stipulation that all but Moses were to worship from a distance. Moses had documented all that God had communicated to him and read it aloud to the people, who affirmed their obedience. He then took some blood from an offering he had made and declared it the blood of the covenant. Moses, Aaron, his two sons, and the seventy… Read more.

Exodus 23 : More laws, and God promises guidance

February 12, 2024 ·

Summary: Do not pervert justice in court due to bribes or the social status of the defendant—maintain fairness regardless of circumstances. Care for the property of even your enemies. Observe a day of rest every seventh day and a year of rest every seventh year, allowing the poor to gather food from your unused land. The three annual festivals are the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering. God promises an angel to guide… Read more.

Exodus 22 : Laws on possessions and general morality

February 11, 2024 ·

Summary: Thieves are required to repay more than what they stole. The instigator of a destructive fire must be punished. If someone borrows goods and they are stolen or lost, the cause must be determined, and appropriate punishment applied. Men who seduce virgins should marry them and pay the bride price. Sorceresses are not tolerated among God's people. Sexual relations with animals are forbidden. Sacrifices should be made only to God. Treat foreigners kindly. Show compassion to orphans and widows.… Read more.

Exodus 21 : Laws on servants and injuries

February 10, 2024 ·

Summary: Hebrew servants are to be set free after six years of service unless they choose to remain servants for life. Female servants are not automatically set free; however, they are granted freedom if they are not properly cared for. Kidnapping and intentional murder are punishable by death. Unintentional killing may be atoned for by a period of refuge. In cases of injury, the punishment must be commensurate with the crime committed. Bulls known to be violent must be contained;… Read more.

Exodus 20 : The Ten Commandments

February 7, 2024 ·

Summary: Moses received the Ten Commandments from God, which are: Worship no other gods. Do not create idols. Do not misuse God's name. Keep the Sabbath holy. Honor your parents. Do not murder. Do not commit adultery. Do not steal. Do not bear false witness. Do not covet. The people were afraid of God's presence in the cloud and begged Moses to have God not speak to them directly because of their fear. God reiterated the commandment against making any… Read more.

Exodus 19 : God Calls Moses Up the Mountain

February 6, 2024 ·

Summary: God instructed Moses to command the Israelites to uphold the covenant and avoid the fate of Egypt. He then instructed Moses to prepare and sanctify the people for His imminent arrival at Mount Sinai, warning that anyone other than Moses or Aaron approaching the mountain would face death. Moses relayed these instructions to the people, urging them to consecrate themselves and refrain from venturing onto the mountain. Subsequently, Moses and Aaron ascended the mountain. Key verses: 5-6 Now therefore,… Read more.

Exodus 18 : Moses’ Father-in-Law Gives Advice

February 5, 2024 ·

Summary: Moses had sent his wife to Jethro, his father-in-law. So Jethro comes to greet Moses in the desert, and congratulates him and his God for being rescued from the Egyptians. He see that Moses is the judge of all the people, and he gives advice that Moses should delegate this responsibility to trustworthy people, to reduce his workload. Moses does this.  Key verse: 18. You and the people with you will certainly wear yourselves out, for the thing is… Read more.

Exodus 17 : Water and Battle

February 4, 2024 ·

Summary:  The Israelites moved on from the Desert of Zin, to a place called Rephidim, where there was no water, and the people complained. God told Moses to strike a rock at Horeb and water will come out. Moses does this, and the people have water to drink.  The Amalekites attacked the Israelites, and Joshua led the army there. Moses held up the staff on a hill, and when he did so, the Israelites were winning, and when he didn’t,… Read more.

Exodus 16 : Bread of Heaven

February 3, 2024 ·

Summary: The people get annoyed because they have no food in the desert, whereas they at least had food in Egypt. So God promises food. So that evening, quail came and landed near them, so they had meat. In the morning thin flakes were left on the desert floor. This was their bread, which they named manna. They were told by God to take what they needed each day, and not to keep it longer than a day, except on… Read more.

Exodus 15 : Song of Triumph

February 2, 2024 ·

Summary:  Moses and the Israelites sang a song. It went a something like this: God is good because he drowned the Egyptians in the sea God will drive out the nations of Canaan and set us up there Miriam, the prophetess sister of Aaron, sang and danced with tambourines with the women singing a similar tune.  The Israelites then came to Marah, a spring, but it was bitter water, so God told Moses to throw some wood into the water,… Read more.

Exodus 14 : Through the sea

February 1, 2024 ·

Summary: God told the Israelites to backtrack to Pi Hahiroth near the sea. The Pharaoh suddenly realizes how many workers he's lost, so he decides to chase all the Israelites with his entire army. When the army comes, the Israelites freak out, so Moses gives them a prep talk, and then at God's command he raises his staff over the sea, after the angel of God and the cloud had gone between the Israelites and the Egyptian army. Then God… Read more.