Exodus

Exodus 40 : The tabernacle completed

March 9, 2024 ·

Summary: Moses erected the tabernacle, placing the Ark within the tent behind a curtain, and arranging the lamps and the table. He positioned the gold altar in front of the Ark and the altar of burnt offerings in front of the tent, with the basin situated between it and the tent. The courtyard was established around the tent. Subsequently, everything was anointed and consecrated. Aaron and his sons were adorned and anointed. Upon completion, the glory of God filled the… Read more.

Exodus 39 : Finishing the pieces

March 8, 2024 ·

Summary: All the priestly garments, including the ephod and the breastplate, were crafted precisely as God instructed. After all the components had been completed, Moses inspected them and, seeing that they were made exactly according to God's instructions, blessed them. Key verse: 43. And Moses saw all the work, and behold, they had done it; as the LORD had commanded, so had they done it. Then Moses blessed them. My thoughts: The conclusion of the tabernacle's construction highlights the importance… Read more.

Exodus 38 : Altars, courtyards, and Materials

March 7, 2024 ·

Summary: The craftsmen constructed the altar of burnt offering and the courtyard exactly as God had described. They also crafted a bronze basin from mirrors donated by women. The total amount of gold used was approximately one metric ton. The silver amounted to about 3 and 3/4 tons, derived from a half-shekel contribution from each male over the age of 20, totaling 603,550 individuals. The bronze used weighed approximately 2 and 1/2 tons. Key verse: 22. Bezalel the son of… Read more.

Exodus 37 : The inner furnishings

March 6, 2024 ·

Summary: The ark, table, lampstand, and altar of incense are crafted precisely as God instructed, with Bezalel, the chief craftsman, making the ark. Key verse: 1. Bezalel made the ark of acacia wood. Two cubits and a half was its length, a cubit and a half its breadth, and a cubit and a half its height. My thoughts: Bezalel, the lead craftsman, had the privilege of creating the most crucial element of the tabernacle: the ark. Interestingly, my study Bible,… Read more.

Exodus 36 : Construction starts

March 5, 2024 ·

Summary: Bezalel, Oholiab, and other craftsmen began constructing the sanctuary using the offerings provided by the people. Eventually, they accumulated more materials than necessary, prompting them to request that the people cease their contributions. They constructed the Tabernacle (the tent) exactly as God had instructed them in a previous chapter. Key verse: 5. and said to Moses, “The people bring much more than enough for doing the work that the LORD has commanded us to do.”  My thoughts: From a… Read more.

Exodus 35 : In case you didn’t get it the first time…

March 4, 2024 ·

Summary: Moses instructs the people to observe the Sabbath. He then requests voluntary contributions from the people for the construction of the Tabernacle and calls upon those with skills to assist in its various components' construction. Moses announces that Bezalel and Oholiab have been chosen by God and endowed with the Spirit for the task of artistic craftsmanship. Key verse: 29. All the men and women, the people of Israel, whose heart moved them to bring anything for the work… Read more.

Exodus 34 : Moses goes up the mountain again

March 3, 2024 ·

Summary: God summons Moses to ascend the mountain again and instructs him to bring new tablets so that God can inscribe them. During Moses' time on the mountain, God proclaims His graciousness. God pledges to expel the nations of Canaan ahead of the Israelites and cautions them against forming treaties with these nations, warning that such agreements could lead to idol worship. God mandates that Moses ensure the observance of annual feasts, the Sabbath, and the redemption of the firstborn.… Read more.

Exodus 33 : The glory of the Lord

March 2, 2024 ·

Summary: God instructs Moses to lead His people to Canaan, indicating that He Himself will not accompany them due to His frustration with the Israelites' obstinacy. Instead, an angel will guide them. God expresses concern that His presence might provoke His anger, leading to the destruction of the people, which distresses them. Moses would enter a tent to converse with God, where a pillar of cloud would descend, signaling God's presence to the onlooking and worshiping Israelites. Joshua would remain… Read more.

Exodus 32 : The Calf

March 1, 2024 ·

Summary: While Moses was on the mountain, the people, led by Aaron, constructed a golden calf, worshipped it, and celebrated with a festival. Concurrently, God informed Moses of the situation and Moses persuaded God to spare them from destruction for their sin. Upon descending the mountain and witnessing the revelry, Moses shattered the tablets, incinerated the calf, and dispersed its ashes into the Israelites' drinking water. Moses then called for those who were loyal to God to join him; only… Read more.

Exodus 31 : Craftsmen and Sabbaths

February 20, 2024 ·

Summary: Two craftsmen, Bezalel and Oholiab, are chosen by God to create all the items described in the previous chapters. God instructs Moses to remind his people to observe the Sabbath, emphasizing that God created the earth in six days and rested on the seventh. God provides Moses with two tablets inscribed with His commandments. Key verse: 3. and I have filled him with theSpirit of God, with ability and intelligence, with knowledge and all craftsmanship, My thoughts: Bezalel is… Read more.

Exodus 30 : Various other bits

February 19, 2024 ·

Summary: An altar made of acacia wood is to be constructed and placed in front of the curtain that shields the Ark of the Covenant. Aaron is tasked with burning incense on it each morning and at twilight. The altar is reserved exclusively for this purpose, aside from the annual atonement rites. During each census, every Israelite is required to contribute half a shekel as atonement for their life. A bronze basin is to be crafted for the priests to… Read more.

Exodus 29 : Consecrating the priests

February 18, 2024 ·

Summary: This is how the priests are to be consecrated: Aaron is to be dressed in the priestly garments, and his sons will wear tunics with headbands and sashes. A bull is to be sacrificed for sins, a ram for a burnt offering, and another ram for ordination. The blood from the ordination ram is to be applied to Aaron, his sons, and the altar. Aaron is then to wave the inner parts of the ram and some bread before… Read more.

Exodus 28 : Holy garments

February 17, 2024 ·

Summary: Aaron and his sons are designated as priests. Special garments to be crafted for Aaron include a breastplate, an ephod, a robe, a tunic, a turban, and a sash. The ephod is to be woven from blue, purple, scarlet, and gold threads, featuring two onyx stones set into it. Each stone will have the names of six sons of Israel engraved on it. Similarly, the breastplate is to be made of blue, purple, scarlet, and gold, with twelve precious… Read more.

Exodus 27 : The altar, courtyard, and oil

February 16, 2024 ·

Summary: An altar is to be constructed from acacia wood, with all utensils and additional items made of bronze. It is also designed to be transported on poles. A large courtyard is to surround the tabernacle, consisting of curtains and poles. Clear olive oil is to be used by Aaron and his sons to ensure the lamps inside the tent remain lit overnight. Key verse: 21. In the tent of meeting, outside the veil that is before the testimony, Aaron… Read more.

Exodus 26 : Tabernacle construction manual

February 15, 2024 ·

Summary: God commands the construction of the tabernacle using ten curtains of equal size, connected by loops and golden clasps, made from goat's hair. These curtains are to cover a frame made of acacia wood. The structure is to include twenty frames on both the south and north sides, each with forty silver bases, and six frames for the west end, plus two additional frames for the far end. Acacia wood crossbars are also required. An internal curtain is to… Read more.

Exodus 25 : God gives Moses building plans

February 14, 2024 ·

Summary: God instructs Moses to collect offerings from those who are willing to contribute. He then commands the construction of a sanctuary for Him. God details the sanctuary's construction, including an ark and a table made from acacia wood. The ark, a chest to be coated with gold, is designated to house the tablets inscribed by God and is to be carried on poles. It will also feature two golden cherubim (angels). The table, also covered in gold and transported… Read more.

Exodus 24 : Dinner with God

February 13, 2024 ·

Summary: God instructed Moses to ascend the mountain with Aaron, his two sons, and the seventy elders of Israel, with the stipulation that all but Moses were to worship from a distance. Moses had documented all that God had communicated to him and read it aloud to the people, who affirmed their obedience. He then took some blood from an offering he had made and declared it the blood of the covenant. Moses, Aaron, his two sons, and the seventy… Read more.

Exodus 23 : More laws, and God promises guidance

February 12, 2024 ·

Summary: Do not pervert justice in court due to bribes or the social status of the defendant—maintain fairness regardless of circumstances. Care for the property of even your enemies. Observe a day of rest every seventh day and a year of rest every seventh year, allowing the poor to gather food from your unused land. The three annual festivals are the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering. God promises an angel to guide… Read more.

Exodus 22 : Laws on possessions and general morality

February 11, 2024 ·

Summary: Thieves are required to repay more than what they stole. The instigator of a destructive fire must be punished. If someone borrows goods and they are stolen or lost, the cause must be determined, and appropriate punishment applied. Men who seduce virgins should marry them and pay the bride price. Sorceresses are not tolerated among God's people. Sexual relations with animals are forbidden. Sacrifices should be made only to God. Treat foreigners kindly. Show compassion to orphans and widows.… Read more.

Exodus 21 : Laws on servants and injuries

February 10, 2024 ·

Summary: Hebrew servants are to be set free after six years of service unless they choose to remain servants for life. Female servants are not automatically set free; however, they are granted freedom if they are not properly cared for. Kidnapping and intentional murder are punishable by death. Unintentional killing may be atoned for by a period of refuge. In cases of injury, the punishment must be commensurate with the crime committed. Bulls known to be violent must be contained;… Read more.

Exodus 20 : The Ten Commandments

February 7, 2024 ·

Summary: Moses received the Ten Commandments from God, which are: Worship no other gods. Do not create idols. Do not misuse God's name. Keep the Sabbath holy. Honor your parents. Do not murder. Do not commit adultery. Do not steal. Do not bear false witness. Do not covet. The people were afraid of God's presence in the cloud and begged Moses to have God not speak to them directly because of their fear. God reiterated the commandment against making any… Read more.

Exodus 19 : God Calls Moses Up the Mountain

February 6, 2024 ·

Summary: God instructed Moses to command the Israelites to uphold the covenant and avoid the fate of Egypt. He then instructed Moses to prepare and sanctify the people for His imminent arrival at Mount Sinai, warning that anyone other than Moses or Aaron approaching the mountain would face death. Moses relayed these instructions to the people, urging them to consecrate themselves and refrain from venturing onto the mountain. Subsequently, Moses and Aaron ascended the mountain. Key verses: 5-6 Now therefore,… Read more.

Exodus 18 : Moses’ Father-in-Law Gives Advice

February 5, 2024 ·

Summary: Moses had sent his wife to Jethro, his father-in-law. So Jethro comes to greet Moses in the desert, and congratulates him and his God for being rescued from the Egyptians. He see that Moses is the judge of all the people, and he gives advice that Moses should delegate this responsibility to trustworthy people, to reduce his workload. Moses does this.  Key verse: 18. You and the people with you will certainly wear yourselves out, for the thing is… Read more.

Exodus 17 : Water and Battle

February 4, 2024 ·

Summary:  The Israelites moved on from the Desert of Zin, to a place called Rephidim, where there was no water, and the people complained. God told Moses to strike a rock at Horeb and water will come out. Moses does this, and the people have water to drink.  The Amalekites attacked the Israelites, and Joshua led the army there. Moses held up the staff on a hill, and when he did so, the Israelites were winning, and when he didn’t,… Read more.

Exodus 16 : Bread of Heaven

February 3, 2024 ·

Summary: The people get annoyed because they have no food in the desert, whereas they at least had food in Egypt. So God promises food. So that evening, quail came and landed near them, so they had meat. In the morning thin flakes were left on the desert floor. This was their bread, which they named manna. They were told by God to take what they needed each day, and not to keep it longer than a day, except on… Read more.

Exodus 15 : Song of Triumph

February 2, 2024 ·

Summary:  Moses and the Israelites sang a song. It went a something like this: God is good because he drowned the Egyptians in the sea God will drive out the nations of Canaan and set us up there Miriam, the prophetess sister of Aaron, sang and danced with tambourines with the women singing a similar tune.  The Israelites then came to Marah, a spring, but it was bitter water, so God told Moses to throw some wood into the water,… Read more.

Exodus 14 : Through the sea

February 1, 2024 ·

Summary: God told the Israelites to backtrack to Pi Hahiroth near the sea. The Pharaoh suddenly realizes how many workers he's lost, so he decides to chase all the Israelites with his entire army. When the army comes, the Israelites freak out, so Moses gives them a prep talk, and then at God's command he raises his staff over the sea, after the angel of God and the cloud had gone between the Israelites and the Egyptian army. Then God… Read more.

Exodus 13 : Festival establishment and God’s lead

December 10, 2023 ·

Summary: God instructs the Israelites to consecrate all their firstborn, whether from people or animals, to him. He then reminds them of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which is seven days of eating bread without yeast, followed by a great festival on the seventh day. Each firstborn child is to be redeemed by sacrifice of a lamb. These traditions are all to remember the original passover, when God killed all of Egypt's firstborn.  Now out of Egypt, God leads his… Read more.

Exodus 12 : The Passover

December 9, 2023 ·

Summary: God specifies to Moses and Aaron the way the first passover should be done, and also how it should be done as a lasting annual festival. It should happen on the fourteenth of the first month, and a lamb without blemish is to be eaten, along with unleavened bread. They should put the lambs blood on their doors, so when the angel of death passes over Egypt, it knows not to go into the doors with blood on them.… Read more.

Exodus 11 : Moses promises the final plague

December 8, 2023 ·

Summary: Moses delivers a heavy warning to Pharaoh: a devastating plague will claim the lives of every firstborn in Egypt, from the royal family to the slaves. This unprecedented and final divine judgment is foretold to be so severe and all-encompassing that it will shatter the Egyptians' longstanding resistance. As a result, Egyptian officials themselves will be compelled to not just permit, but actively encourage the Hebrews to leave their land fast. In this critical moment, Moses, acting as God's… Read more.

Exodus 10 : Two more plagues added to the mix

December 7, 2023 ·

Summary: Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh again, threatening him with locusts this time. Pharaoh offers to allow only the men to go and worship, but Moses declines. As a result, locusts swarm Egypt and devour everything. Next came the darkness, which blanketed Egypt for three days. This time, Pharaoh is willing to release the women but not the livestock, and Moses remains firm in his refusal. Pharaoh becomes irritated and instructs Moses never to see his face again. Moses… Read more.

Exodus 9 : More plagues

December 6, 2023 ·

Summary:  Because Pharaoh refused to release God's people, all of the Egyptian livestock died, but none of the Israelite livestock perished. Moses then threw soot into the air, and both animals and people became covered with boils. God warned that He would send the worst storm ever, with massive hailstones. This occurred, and all who were left outside in the hail perished. Despite these hardships, Pharaoh's heart remained hardened, and he still did not allow Moses to lead his people… Read more.

Exodus 8 : Let my people go!

December 5, 2023 ·

Summary: God instructs Moses and Aaron to approach Pharaoh once more, this time with the threat of a plague of frogs. Pharaoh refuses to release them, resulting in the land becoming infested with frogs. The magicians are also able to replicate this plague. Pharaoh says he will permit their departure if Moses prays and removes the frogs. Moses prays, the frogs die, but Pharaoh's heart remains hardened, and he does not allow them to leave. Next came the gnats, and… Read more.

Exodus 7 : Let the plagues begin!

December 4, 2023 ·

Summary: God sends Moses to Pharaoh with Aaron as Moses’ instrument. God tells Moses that He will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and Pharaoh will not comply with Moses and Aaron. Moses and Aaron go to Pharaoh and turn Moses' staff into a snake. The magicians replicate this feat using secret arts, but Aaron's snake devours the others. Later, Moses and Aaron meet Pharaoh while he is by the Nile, but Pharaoh continues to refuse to listen to them. Aaron places the… Read more.

Exodus 6 : God Promises Deliverance

December 3, 2023 ·

Summary: God encourages Moses by reassuring him of who He is and that He will lead His people out. Moses shares this with the Israelites, but they do not listen. Moses also doubts whether Pharaoh will listen. Jacob's son Levi had a son named Kohath, who in turn had a son named Amram. Amram fathered both Moses and Aaron. Key verse: 7. I will take you to be my people, and I will be your God, and you shall know… Read more.

Exodus 5 : Moses Makes Things Worse

December 2, 2023 ·

Summary: Moses and Aaron go to Pharaoh to request that their people be allowed to worship their God. Pharaoh rejects their plea and forces all the Hebrew slaves to produce the same quota of bricks without providing them with straw anymore. The Hebrews are unable to meet this demand and are subsequently punished. They make an unsuccessful appeal to Pharaoh. The Israelites become angry with Moses and Aaron for causing their workload to increase. Key verses:  2. But Pharaoh said,… Read more.

Exodus 4 : God Empowers Moses

December 1, 2023 ·

Summary: In Exodus 4, God grants Moses three signs to serve as proof of his divine mission when confronting Pharaoh. The first sign involves Moses' staff transforming into a snake, followed by his hand being able to change to a diseased, leprous state and then back to normal. Lastly, God empowers Moses to turn the waters of the Nile into blood. God instructs Moses to take his staff along for these demonstrations. However, Moses becomes hesitant and uncertain about carrying… Read more.

Exodus 3 : The Burning Bush

September 24, 2023 ·

Summary: While tending to his sheep, Moses comes across a peculiar sight—a bush that is engulfed in flames but remains unconsumed by the fire. It is through this extraordinary phenomenon that God chooses to communicate with Moses, instructing him to lead His people out of Pharaoh's land. God reveals His name as "I am who I am," signifying His eternal and self-existent nature. Furthermore, God assures Moses of His intention to guide the Israelites to the land of Canaan. God… Read more.

Exodus 2 : Baby Moses Saved

September 23, 2023 ·

Summary: Moses, the central figure of this chapter, is born to his mother who endeavors to conceal him from the Egyptians. After three months, she can no longer keep him hidden, and resorts to placing him in a basket on the river. Moses' sister watches over the basket and witnesses the Pharaoh's daughter discovering him. Quick-thinking, she offers to find a Hebrew woman to nurse the child, which ultimately results in Moses' own mother being chosen as his nurse. As… Read more.

Exodus 1: A new king with a new way of dealing with Hebrews

September 22, 2023 ·

Summary: From the initial group of 70 Hebrews who migrated to Egypt with Jacob, their population had grown exponentially to become thousands upon thousands. God had blessed them abundantly, and they multiplied, filling the land. However, a new king, unaware of Joseph's significance and lacking concern for the Hebrews, ascended to the throne. This ruler deemed the Hebrew population too large and subsequently decreed that they be enslaved. Moreover, he commanded the Hebrew midwives to kill all newborn sons. Contrary… Read more.