Leviticus 7: More About Offerings

March 16, 2024 ·

Summary:There's a recap of the guilt offering, then...The guilt and sin offerings belong to the priests. If a fellowship offering is given in thankfulness, then a meat offering is to be presented, accompanied by a variety of cakes and wafers, both with and without yeast. It belongs to the priest, and the meat is to be eaten on the same day. If it's an offering made due to a vow or given freely, then it can be eaten on the… Read more.

Leviticus 6: Cheating and Offerings

March 15, 2024 ·

Summary:If anyone cheats or deceives his neighbor, he must repay what he cheated him out of and add a fifth for restitution. He is to do this on the same day he performs his guilt offering. The burnt offering is to remain on the altar overnight. Then, the priest gets dressed and takes the ashes outside the city to a predetermined spot. The fire on the altar must be kept burning at all times. One handful of each grain offering… Read more.

Leviticus 5: Sin and the guilt offerings

March 14, 2024 ·

Summary:These actions will render someone guilty once they become aware of it: Withholding necessary information, Touching unclean objects, Making a thoughtless oath. To reconcile, one must offer a sin offering of a lamb or two pigeons/doves. If they are poor, they are to bring an ephah of flour to be burned. If someone sins regarding the holy items, they are to offer a ram. They must also provide cash for restitution equal to the value plus one-fifth. It serves as… Read more.

Leviticus 4: Sin Offerings

March 13, 2024 ·

Summary:If a priest unintentionally sins, then a bull is to be sacrificed. Its blood is to be sprinkled around, and its fats and other parts are to be burnt on the altar. The rest is to be burnt outside the camp. The same is to be done if the whole community sins unintentionally. If a community leader sins, he is to bring a male goat to be sacrificed. The blood is to be splattered, and its fats burnt. If a… Read more.

Leviticus 3 : Fellowship Offerings

March 12, 2024 ·

Summary:An animal without defect should be offered for the fellowship offerings, and it can be from the herd or the flock. The person who presents it should lay their hands on its head, and then it should be slaughtered at the entrance of the tent of meeting. The blood is to be splattered on the altar, and the fat and the internal organs of the animal are to be burned as an offering to God. If the offering is a… Read more.

Leviticus 2 : Grain Offering

March 11, 2024 ·

Summary:A grain offering must consist of fine flour, oil, and incense. Part of it is burned, and the remainder is kept by the priests. If it's cooked, it must not contain yeast (or honey). An offering should always be made with salt. Key verse:13. You shall season all your grainofferings with salt. You shall not let the salt of the covenant with your God bemissing from your grain offering; with all your offerings you shall offer salt. My thoughts:Often, when something is made specifically for God, yeast is forbidden. Yeast was not considered unclean or untouchable, in contrast to pork, but it was seen as an imperfection in offerings to God. Refraining… Read more.

Leviticus 1: Burnt Offerings

March 10, 2024 ·

Summary:God instructs Moses on the proper conduct of burnt offerings. Any animal offering must be from the herd or flock, and must be a male without defect. The person offering must put their hand on the head of the animal for atonement. A bull's blood is to be sprinkled on the altar, the bull is to be cut into pieces and burnt on the altar, after being washed. The aroma is pleasing to God. The same is to happen to… Read more.

Exodus 40 : The tabernacle completed

March 9, 2024 ·

Summary: Moses erected the tabernacle, placing the Ark within the tent behind a curtain, and arranging the lamps and the table. He positioned the gold altar in front of the Ark and the altar of burnt offerings in front of the tent, with the basin situated between it and the tent. The courtyard was established around the tent. Subsequently, everything was anointed and consecrated. Aaron and his sons were adorned and anointed. Upon completion, the glory of God filled the… Read more.

Exodus 39 : Finishing the pieces

March 8, 2024 ·

Summary: All the priestly garments, including the ephod and the breastplate, were crafted precisely as God instructed. After all the components had been completed, Moses inspected them and, seeing that they were made exactly according to God's instructions, blessed them. Key verse: 43. And Moses saw all the work, and behold, they had done it; as the LORD had commanded, so had they done it. Then Moses blessed them. My thoughts: The conclusion of the tabernacle's construction highlights the importance… Read more.

Exodus 38 : Altars, courtyards, and Materials

March 7, 2024 ·

Summary: The craftsmen constructed the altar of burnt offering and the courtyard exactly as God had described. They also crafted a bronze basin from mirrors donated by women. The total amount of gold used was approximately one metric ton. The silver amounted to about 3 and 3/4 tons, derived from a half-shekel contribution from each male over the age of 20, totaling 603,550 individuals. The bronze used weighed approximately 2 and 1/2 tons. Key verse: 22. Bezalel the son of… Read more.

Exodus 37 : The inner furnishings

March 6, 2024 ·

Summary: The ark, table, lampstand, and altar of incense are crafted precisely as God instructed, with Bezalel, the chief craftsman, making the ark. Key verse: 1. Bezalel made the ark of acacia wood. Two cubits and a half was its length, a cubit and a half its breadth, and a cubit and a half its height. My thoughts: Bezalel, the lead craftsman, had the privilege of creating the most crucial element of the tabernacle: the ark. Interestingly, my study Bible,… Read more.

Exodus 36 : Construction starts

March 5, 2024 ·

Summary: Bezalel, Oholiab, and other craftsmen began constructing the sanctuary using the offerings provided by the people. Eventually, they accumulated more materials than necessary, prompting them to request that the people cease their contributions. They constructed the Tabernacle (the tent) exactly as God had instructed them in a previous chapter. Key verse: 5. and said to Moses, “The people bring much more than enough for doing the work that the LORD has commanded us to do.”  My thoughts: From a… Read more.

Exodus 35 : In case you didn’t get it the first time…

March 4, 2024 ·

Summary: Moses instructs the people to observe the Sabbath. He then requests voluntary contributions from the people for the construction of the Tabernacle and calls upon those with skills to assist in its various components' construction. Moses announces that Bezalel and Oholiab have been chosen by God and endowed with the Spirit for the task of artistic craftsmanship. Key verse: 29. All the men and women, the people of Israel, whose heart moved them to bring anything for the work… Read more.

Exodus 34 : Moses goes up the mountain again

March 3, 2024 ·

Summary: God summons Moses to ascend the mountain again and instructs him to bring new tablets so that God can inscribe them. During Moses' time on the mountain, God proclaims His graciousness. God pledges to expel the nations of Canaan ahead of the Israelites and cautions them against forming treaties with these nations, warning that such agreements could lead to idol worship. God mandates that Moses ensure the observance of annual feasts, the Sabbath, and the redemption of the firstborn.… Read more.

Exodus 33 : The glory of the Lord

March 2, 2024 ·

Summary: God instructs Moses to lead His people to Canaan, indicating that He Himself will not accompany them due to His frustration with the Israelites' obstinacy. Instead, an angel will guide them. God expresses concern that His presence might provoke His anger, leading to the destruction of the people, which distresses them. Moses would enter a tent to converse with God, where a pillar of cloud would descend, signaling God's presence to the onlooking and worshiping Israelites. Joshua would remain… Read more.

Exodus 32 : The Calf

March 1, 2024 ·

Summary: While Moses was on the mountain, the people, led by Aaron, constructed a golden calf, worshipped it, and celebrated with a festival. Concurrently, God informed Moses of the situation and Moses persuaded God to spare them from destruction for their sin. Upon descending the mountain and witnessing the revelry, Moses shattered the tablets, incinerated the calf, and dispersed its ashes into the Israelites' drinking water. Moses then called for those who were loyal to God to join him; only… Read more.

Exodus 31 : Craftsmen and Sabbaths

February 20, 2024 ·

Summary: Two craftsmen, Bezalel and Oholiab, are chosen by God to create all the items described in the previous chapters. God instructs Moses to remind his people to observe the Sabbath, emphasizing that God created the earth in six days and rested on the seventh. God provides Moses with two tablets inscribed with His commandments. Key verse: 3. and I have filled him with theSpirit of God, with ability and intelligence, with knowledge and all craftsmanship, My thoughts: Bezalel is… Read more.

Exodus 30 : Various other bits

February 19, 2024 ·

Summary: An altar made of acacia wood is to be constructed and placed in front of the curtain that shields the Ark of the Covenant. Aaron is tasked with burning incense on it each morning and at twilight. The altar is reserved exclusively for this purpose, aside from the annual atonement rites. During each census, every Israelite is required to contribute half a shekel as atonement for their life. A bronze basin is to be crafted for the priests to… Read more.

Exodus 29 : Consecrating the priests

February 18, 2024 ·

Summary: This is how the priests are to be consecrated: Aaron is to be dressed in the priestly garments, and his sons will wear tunics with headbands and sashes. A bull is to be sacrificed for sins, a ram for a burnt offering, and another ram for ordination. The blood from the ordination ram is to be applied to Aaron, his sons, and the altar. Aaron is then to wave the inner parts of the ram and some bread before… Read more.

Exodus 28 : Holy garments

February 17, 2024 ·

Summary: Aaron and his sons are designated as priests. Special garments to be crafted for Aaron include a breastplate, an ephod, a robe, a tunic, a turban, and a sash. The ephod is to be woven from blue, purple, scarlet, and gold threads, featuring two onyx stones set into it. Each stone will have the names of six sons of Israel engraved on it. Similarly, the breastplate is to be made of blue, purple, scarlet, and gold, with twelve precious… Read more.

Exodus 27 : The altar, courtyard, and oil

February 16, 2024 ·

Summary: An altar is to be constructed from acacia wood, with all utensils and additional items made of bronze. It is also designed to be transported on poles. A large courtyard is to surround the tabernacle, consisting of curtains and poles. Clear olive oil is to be used by Aaron and his sons to ensure the lamps inside the tent remain lit overnight. Key verse: 21. In the tent of meeting, outside the veil that is before the testimony, Aaron… Read more.

Exodus 26 : Tabernacle construction manual

February 15, 2024 ·

Summary: God commands the construction of the tabernacle using ten curtains of equal size, connected by loops and golden clasps, made from goat's hair. These curtains are to cover a frame made of acacia wood. The structure is to include twenty frames on both the south and north sides, each with forty silver bases, and six frames for the west end, plus two additional frames for the far end. Acacia wood crossbars are also required. An internal curtain is to… Read more.

Exodus 25 : God gives Moses building plans

February 14, 2024 ·

Summary: God instructs Moses to collect offerings from those who are willing to contribute. He then commands the construction of a sanctuary for Him. God details the sanctuary's construction, including an ark and a table made from acacia wood. The ark, a chest to be coated with gold, is designated to house the tablets inscribed by God and is to be carried on poles. It will also feature two golden cherubim (angels). The table, also covered in gold and transported… Read more.

Exodus 24 : Dinner with God

February 13, 2024 ·

Summary: God instructed Moses to ascend the mountain with Aaron, his two sons, and the seventy elders of Israel, with the stipulation that all but Moses were to worship from a distance. Moses had documented all that God had communicated to him and read it aloud to the people, who affirmed their obedience. He then took some blood from an offering he had made and declared it the blood of the covenant. Moses, Aaron, his two sons, and the seventy… Read more.

Exodus 23 : More laws, and God promises guidance

February 12, 2024 ·

Summary: Do not pervert justice in court due to bribes or the social status of the defendant—maintain fairness regardless of circumstances. Care for the property of even your enemies. Observe a day of rest every seventh day and a year of rest every seventh year, allowing the poor to gather food from your unused land. The three annual festivals are the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering. God promises an angel to guide… Read more.

Exodus 22 : Laws on possessions and general morality

February 11, 2024 ·

Summary: Thieves are required to repay more than what they stole. The instigator of a destructive fire must be punished. If someone borrows goods and they are stolen or lost, the cause must be determined, and appropriate punishment applied. Men who seduce virgins should marry them and pay the bride price. Sorceresses are not tolerated among God's people. Sexual relations with animals are forbidden. Sacrifices should be made only to God. Treat foreigners kindly. Show compassion to orphans and widows.… Read more.

Exodus 21 : Laws on servants and injuries

February 10, 2024 ·

Summary: Hebrew servants are to be set free after six years of service unless they choose to remain servants for life. Female servants are not automatically set free; however, they are granted freedom if they are not properly cared for. Kidnapping and intentional murder are punishable by death. Unintentional killing may be atoned for by a period of refuge. In cases of injury, the punishment must be commensurate with the crime committed. Bulls known to be violent must be contained;… Read more.

Exodus 20 : The Ten Commandments

February 7, 2024 ·

Summary: Moses received the Ten Commandments from God, which are: Worship no other gods. Do not create idols. Do not misuse God's name. Keep the Sabbath holy. Honor your parents. Do not murder. Do not commit adultery. Do not steal. Do not bear false witness. Do not covet. The people were afraid of God's presence in the cloud and begged Moses to have God not speak to them directly because of their fear. God reiterated the commandment against making any… Read more.

Exodus 19 : God Calls Moses Up the Mountain

February 6, 2024 ·

Summary: God instructed Moses to command the Israelites to uphold the covenant and avoid the fate of Egypt. He then instructed Moses to prepare and sanctify the people for His imminent arrival at Mount Sinai, warning that anyone other than Moses or Aaron approaching the mountain would face death. Moses relayed these instructions to the people, urging them to consecrate themselves and refrain from venturing onto the mountain. Subsequently, Moses and Aaron ascended the mountain. Key verses: 5-6 Now therefore,… Read more.

Exodus 18 : Moses’ Father-in-Law Gives Advice

February 5, 2024 ·

Summary: Moses had sent his wife to Jethro, his father-in-law. So Jethro comes to greet Moses in the desert, and congratulates him and his God for being rescued from the Egyptians. He see that Moses is the judge of all the people, and he gives advice that Moses should delegate this responsibility to trustworthy people, to reduce his workload. Moses does this.  Key verse: 18. You and the people with you will certainly wear yourselves out, for the thing is… Read more.