Summary: Moses had sent his wife to Jethro, his father-in-law. So Jethro comes to greet Moses in the desert, and congratulates him and his God for being rescued from the Egyptians. He see that Moses is the judge of all the people, and he gives advice that Moses should delegate this responsibility to trustworthy people, to reduce his workload. Moses does this. Key verse: 18. You and the people with you will certainly wear yourselves out, for the thing is… Read more.
A Journey Through God's Word
Summary: The Israelites moved on from the Desert of Zin, to a place called Rephidim, where there was no water, and the people complained. God told Moses to strike a rock at Horeb and water will come out. Moses does this, and the people have water to drink. The Amalekites attacked the Israelites, and Joshua led the army there. Moses held up the staff on a hill, and when he did so, the Israelites were winning, and when he didn’t,… Read more.
Summary: The people get annoyed because they have no food in the desert, whereas they at least had food in Egypt. So God promises food. So that evening, quail came and landed near them, so they had meat. In the morning thin flakes were left on the desert floor. This was their bread, which they named manna. They were told by God to take what they needed each day, and not to keep it longer than a day, except on… Read more.
Summary: Moses and the Israelites sang a song. It went a something like this: God is good because he drowned the Egyptians in the sea God will drive out the nations of Canaan and set us up there Miriam, the prophetess sister of Aaron, sang and danced with tambourines with the women singing a similar tune. The Israelites then came to Marah, a spring, but it was bitter water, so God told Moses to throw some wood into the water,… Read more.
Summary: God told the Israelites to backtrack to Pi Hahiroth near the sea. The Pharaoh suddenly realizes how many workers he's lost, so he decides to chase all the Israelites with his entire army. When the army comes, the Israelites freak out, so Moses gives them a prep talk, and then at God's command he raises his staff over the sea, after the angel of God and the cloud had gone between the Israelites and the Egyptian army. Then God… Read more.
Summary: God instructs the Israelites to consecrate all their firstborn, whether from people or animals, to him. He then reminds them of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which is seven days of eating bread without yeast, followed by a great festival on the seventh day. Each firstborn child is to be redeemed by sacrifice of a lamb. These traditions are all to remember the original passover, when God killed all of Egypt's firstborn. Now out of Egypt, God leads his… Read more.
Summary: God specifies to Moses and Aaron the way the first passover should be done, and also how it should be done as a lasting annual festival. It should happen on the fourteenth of the first month, and a lamb without blemish is to be eaten, along with unleavened bread. They should put the lambs blood on their doors, so when the angel of death passes over Egypt, it knows not to go into the doors with blood on them.… Read more.
Summary: Moses delivers a heavy warning to Pharaoh: a devastating plague will claim the lives of every firstborn in Egypt, from the royal family to the slaves. This unprecedented and final divine judgment is foretold to be so severe and all-encompassing that it will shatter the Egyptians' longstanding resistance. As a result, Egyptian officials themselves will be compelled to not just permit, but actively encourage the Hebrews to leave their land fast. In this critical moment, Moses, acting as God's… Read more.
Summary: Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh again, threatening him with locusts this time. Pharaoh offers to allow only the men to go and worship, but Moses declines. As a result, locusts swarm Egypt and devour everything. Next came the darkness, which blanketed Egypt for three days. This time, Pharaoh is willing to release the women but not the livestock, and Moses remains firm in his refusal. Pharaoh becomes irritated and instructs Moses never to see his face again. Moses… Read more.
Summary: Because Pharaoh refused to release God's people, all of the Egyptian livestock died, but none of the Israelite livestock perished. Moses then threw soot into the air, and both animals and people became covered with boils. God warned that He would send the worst storm ever, with massive hailstones. This occurred, and all who were left outside in the hail perished. Despite these hardships, Pharaoh's heart remained hardened, and he still did not allow Moses to lead his people… Read more.
Summary: God instructs Moses and Aaron to approach Pharaoh once more, this time with the threat of a plague of frogs. Pharaoh refuses to release them, resulting in the land becoming infested with frogs. The magicians are also able to replicate this plague. Pharaoh says he will permit their departure if Moses prays and removes the frogs. Moses prays, the frogs die, but Pharaoh's heart remains hardened, and he does not allow them to leave. Next came the gnats, and… Read more.
Summary: God sends Moses to Pharaoh with Aaron as Moses’ instrument. God tells Moses that He will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and Pharaoh will not comply with Moses and Aaron. Moses and Aaron go to Pharaoh and turn Moses' staff into a snake. The magicians replicate this feat using secret arts, but Aaron's snake devours the others. Later, Moses and Aaron meet Pharaoh while he is by the Nile, but Pharaoh continues to refuse to listen to them. Aaron places the… Read more.
Summary: God encourages Moses by reassuring him of who He is and that He will lead His people out. Moses shares this with the Israelites, but they do not listen. Moses also doubts whether Pharaoh will listen. Jacob's son Levi had a son named Kohath, who in turn had a son named Amram. Amram fathered both Moses and Aaron. Key verse: 7. I will take you to be my people, and I will be your God, and you shall know… Read more.
Summary: Moses and Aaron go to Pharaoh to request that their people be allowed to worship their God. Pharaoh rejects their plea and forces all the Hebrew slaves to produce the same quota of bricks without providing them with straw anymore. The Hebrews are unable to meet this demand and are subsequently punished. They make an unsuccessful appeal to Pharaoh. The Israelites become angry with Moses and Aaron for causing their workload to increase. Key verses: 2. But Pharaoh said,… Read more.
Summary: In Exodus 4, God grants Moses three signs to serve as proof of his divine mission when confronting Pharaoh. The first sign involves Moses' staff transforming into a snake, followed by his hand being able to change to a diseased, leprous state and then back to normal. Lastly, God empowers Moses to turn the waters of the Nile into blood. God instructs Moses to take his staff along for these demonstrations. However, Moses becomes hesitant and uncertain about carrying… Read more.
Summary: While tending to his sheep, Moses comes across a peculiar sight—a bush that is engulfed in flames but remains unconsumed by the fire. It is through this extraordinary phenomenon that God chooses to communicate with Moses, instructing him to lead His people out of Pharaoh's land. God reveals His name as "I am who I am," signifying His eternal and self-existent nature. Furthermore, God assures Moses of His intention to guide the Israelites to the land of Canaan. God… Read more.
Summary: Moses, the central figure of this chapter, is born to his mother who endeavors to conceal him from the Egyptians. After three months, she can no longer keep him hidden, and resorts to placing him in a basket on the river. Moses' sister watches over the basket and witnesses the Pharaoh's daughter discovering him. Quick-thinking, she offers to find a Hebrew woman to nurse the child, which ultimately results in Moses' own mother being chosen as his nurse. As… Read more.
Summary: From the initial group of 70 Hebrews who migrated to Egypt with Jacob, their population had grown exponentially to become thousands upon thousands. God had blessed them abundantly, and they multiplied, filling the land. However, a new king, unaware of Joseph's significance and lacking concern for the Hebrews, ascended to the throne. This ruler deemed the Hebrew population too large and subsequently decreed that they be enslaved. Moreover, he commanded the Hebrew midwives to kill all newborn sons. Contrary… Read more.
Summary: Upon his father's death, Joseph wept profusely and arranged for his father to be embalmed in the Egyptian manner. Subsequently, Joseph requested permission from Pharaoh to take his father's body to Canaan for burial. The Pharaoh granted his request and provided a sizable company to accompany Joseph on the journey. They laid Jacob to rest at Machpelah, the burial place of Abraham. Meanwhile, in Egypt, Joseph's brothers were filled with anxiety, fearing that Joseph still harbored anger towards them.… Read more.
Summary: In Genesis 49, Jacob bestows individual blessings upon each of his sons. Reuben, the firstborn, is reproached for his transgression of sleeping with his father's concubine. Simeon and Levi face criticism for their violent actions. Judah, on the other hand, receives high praise and is prophesied to become a powerful ruling tribe. Zebulun is destined to be a haven for ships, while Issachar is blessed as a diligent and hardworking laborer. Dan is commended for his pursuit of justice,… Read more.
Summary: Joseph receives news of his father's impending death and promptly visits him, accompanied by his two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh. Jacob is overjoyed at their arrival and decides to bestow his blessing upon them as if they were his own sons, rather than his grandsons. Joseph positions Manasseh, the elder son, to receive the first blessing, and Ephraim, the younger, to receive the second blessing. However, intentionally defying the expected order, Jacob blesses Ephraim ahead of Manasseh. In addition… Read more.
Summary: Pharaoh engages in a conversation with Jacob, who affirms that they are indeed shepherds. In a generous act, Pharaoh grants them permission to settle in the prime land of Egypt, providing them with sustenance while the surrounding regions suffer from severe famine. The famine becomes so dire that people are compelled to sell all their possessions and eventually offer themselves as servants to Pharaoh. In return for food and seed, Pharaoh imposes a requirement for everyone to give one-fifth… Read more.
Summary: Jacob sets out for Egypt, and God affirms that this journey is indeed the right course of action, assuring Jacob that his descendants will eventually return to Canaan. Accompanied by a total of 70 individuals, excluding their wives, Jacob's family ventures into Egypt. Upon their arrival, Jacob reunites with Joseph, and their emotional reunion moves him to tears. Joseph instructs his family to inform Pharaoh that they are shepherds and seek permission to settle in the land of Goshen.… Read more.
Summary: Joseph, overcome with emotion, dismisses his attendants and unveils his true identity to his brothers. He enlightens them about God's divine plan, revealing that his enslavement was meant to pave the way for their future well-being. Joseph extends a heartfelt invitation to his brothers and father to relocate to Egypt, assuring them that he will care for their needs. Pharaoh readily agrees to this arrangement and generously sends abundant provisions for Jacob through Joseph's brothers. Jacob receives the news… Read more.
Summary: As the brothers depart, Joseph covertly orders that their payment silver be placed in their sacks, while also instructing for his special silver cup to be placed in Benjamin's sack. Subsequently, Joseph sends men to apprehend his brothers, accusing them of stealing the silver cup. The brothers vehemently deny this charge as they were unaware of the cup's presence. However, when the cup is discovered in Benjamin's sack, they are compelled to enslave him. Recognizing the gravity of the… Read more.
Summary: Jacob and his sons run out of food again, so Jacob sends his sons back to Egypt to get food. The sons are unwilling to face 'the governor of Egypt' again without Benjamin, but Jacob does not want to let Benjamin go. Eventually, Jacob allows Benjamin to go. They take double silver and gifts with them because they don't want to get punished for having silver in their grain sacks last time. When they arrive in Egypt, Joseph sees… Read more.
Summary: Joseph's family, facing the dire effects of the famine, sends ten of his brothers (excluding Benjamin) to Egypt in search of food. Unbeknownst to them, Joseph recognizes his brothers, but they fail to recognize him. Seizing the opportunity, Joseph feigns suspicion, accusing them of being spies and demanding that they return with their youngest brother as proof. In the meantime, Simeon is held captive in Egypt. As the nine brothers return to Canaan, they discover that Joseph had discreetly… Read more.
Summary: The Pharaoh experiences two significant dreams—a vision of seven thin cows devouring seven fat cows, and another of seven withered grains consuming seven healthy grains. None of his wise men can decipher the dreams' meaning. However, the cupbearer, who had previously been in prison with Joseph, recalls Joseph's ability to interpret dreams. Joseph is summoned and interprets Pharaoh's dreams, foretelling seven years of abundance followed by seven years of famine. Impressed by Joseph's wisdom, Pharaoh appoints him to oversee… Read more.
Summary: Joseph finds himself in prison, where he encounters two fellow prisoners: Pharaoh's cupbearer and baker. These two men have troubling dreams, and Joseph, being gifted in interpreting dreams, offers to help them. The cupbearer dreams of squeezing grapes into Pharaoh's cup, while the baker dreams of birds eating bread from his basket. Joseph explains that the cupbearer's dream signifies his imminent restoration to his position, while the baker's dream foreshadows his impending execution. Joseph requests the cupbearer's assistance, asking… Read more.
Summary: Joseph is sold to Potiphar, and his exceptional qualities as a slave lead him to become Potiphar's personal assistant. Joseph proves to be so capable in managing Potiphar's affairs and household that Potiphar entrusts everything to him, relinquishing his own responsibilities. However, it seems that Potiphar had marital issues because his wife starts making advances towards Joseph, persistently demanding that he sleeps with her. Joseph steadfastly refuses her propositions. Infuriated by his rejection, Potiphar's wife concocts a false accusation,… Read more.